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Common Equine Diseases

Core Vaccines for Every Horse

West Nile Virus

A widespread mosquito-borne, neurological disease that can kill approximately one in three clinically affected horses. Horses should be vaccinated annually proir to the onset of the mosquito season. Consider semi-annual vaccination for horses where mosquitoes are active year round.

Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis

A potentially fatal, mosquito-borne disease found promarily west of the Mississippi River. Horses should be vaccinated annually. Consider semi-annual vaccination for horses where mosquitoes are active year round.

Tetanus

An often-fatal disease cause by the bacterium Clostridium Tetani found in soil and feces. All horses should be vaccinated annually.

Rabies

An incariably fatal neurological diesase caused by bite of an infected animal. All horses should be vaccinated annually.


Risk-Based Vaccines

Botulism

Toxins produced and caused by Clostridium Botulinum, a bacteria found in the soil, have been observed in horses.

Equine Influenza

A highly contagious respiratory disease that causes fever, coughing and nasal discharge. Vaccinate low-risk horses annually, and high risk horses semi-annually. Consider semi-annually vaccinations for horses less than five years of age and for performance horses.

Strangles

Strangles  is a highly contagious and serious infection caused by the bacterium Streptococcus Equi. The disease is characterized by severe inflammation of the mucosa of the head and throat, with extensive swelling and often rupture of the lymph nodes. Horses of all ages are susceptible, though strangles is most common in animals less than five years of age, and especially in groups of weanling foals or yearlings.

Equine Herpesvirus (EHV)

Also known as Rhinopneumonitis, EHV type 1 and EHV type 4 virus can cause fever, lethargy, nasal discharge and cough. Vaccinate horses annually. Consider semi-annually vaccinations for horses less than five years of age, horses on breeding farms and performance horses at high risk.


Vaccines During Equine Pregnancy

Month 3- 1st immunization for EHV-1 (Pneumabort K)

Month 5- 2nd immunization for EHV-1 (Pneumabort K)

Month 7- 3rd immunization for EHV-1 (Pneumabort K)

Month 8- 1st Botulism Vaccine

Month 9- 4th immunization for EHV-1 (Pneumabort K), 2nd Botulism Vaccine

Month 10- 3rd Botulism Vaccine

When Foal is born Vaccinations can be given at 4-6 months if mare was vaccinated within 30 days of foaling.

As Early as the first week Foals can be deormed with a proper dose of pyrantel pamoate or fenbendazole

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